Joshua Tree National Park, desert and wilderness region located in the southern part of California, U.S. It lies to the west from Palm Springs and adjacent communities. It is about 60 miles 100 kilometers from San Bernardino, on the frontier between the Mojave and the Colorado deserts. Covers around 1,234 square miles 3,196 square kilometers approximately three-fourths of it being designate wilderness.
It declared a National Monument in 1936. And it declared as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1984. It became the first nation-wide park in 1994. The headquarters of the park is located situate at Twentynine Palms, just north of the park. This park is known for its diversity of desert plants, especially the Joshua tree Yucca brevifolia.
The Area Information Of Joshua Tree Park
Gliss ridges and granite boulders provide a stunning backdrop to the park’s wildlife and plants. The eastern part of the park is located in an area that is low lying Colorado Desert. This area is home to the Pinto Basin that is surround with low mountain ranges. In the western part of the park lies the Mojave Desert, situated at an elevation of over 3000 feet 900 meters. It is located west of Los Bernardino Mountains which reach an elevation of around 4250 meters or 1,300 feet.
The climate of the region is extremely dry and warm with hot summers and cool winters. In low altitudes, summer temperature nighttime lows usually fall below zero degrees Fahrenheit. The park experiences about 4 to 100 mm of rain each year. Usually during summer thunderstorms which can result in flash flooding. Snow can be seen at higher elevations during winter. Within a single day, temperatures can reach 40 degrees 22 degrees Celsius.
There is a Colorado Desert area in the east that is dry and full of creosote bushes, along with several cholla cactus species and a spidery Ocotillo. The slightly wetter Mojave Desert contains extensive stands of Joshua trees that are distinctive in appearance plazabola.
They have many arms that culminate in bundles of needle-like leaves. There are five oasis-like desert fan palms in the park, where water located near or on the surface is a source of support for these native trees. Wildflowers bloom throughout the park and could begin to bloom at the beginning of February in the Pinto Basin.
Joshua Tree Wildlife
Wildlife is varied and abundant throughout the park. Commonly, the mammals found in the park are Mule deer as well as desert bighorn sheep coyotes, foxes and bats. the jackrabbit, and a vast range of rodents notably the kangaroo rats. Among the reptiles found there are Iguana, geckos, skinks, and a variety of snakes, including rattlesnakes of several varieties. In addition, the threatened Mojave Desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii. There are also a few amphibians, most notably California tree Frogs Hyla cadaverine in the north.
Around 250 species of birds have been observed within the park, most of them transients that visit during the fall or spring. Some of the most prominent permanent residents include roadrunners, cactus wrens, Gambel’s quail, red-tailed hawks as well as golden eagles. In the winter and summer months, there are cedar waxwings, juncos Scott’s and northern orioles as well as western bluebirds.
Joshua Tree National Park is situated close to the Los Angeles metropolitan area in the West. The central and western parts of the park can be access via an asphalt road with entrances in the northwest, north, and south. The volume of visitors is constant throughout the year, however the peak season is the fall and spring, when temperatures are less extreme. Visitors centers, which are open all each season, can be situate in all three entry points.
The park’s proximity to vast urban areas has led to environmental concerns, with particular attention paid to the often, when smog blocks the sky, and it also spits fertile nitrogen compounds on the soil, which aid in the development of non-native plants. An invasive and nonnative plant species that is of particular concern is the tamarisk. It thrives in areas with water and encroaches native species.